Each infantry battalion in the Israeli Defence Force (or IDF) had an anti-tank platoon, and each brigade an anti-tank company, equipped with either half-tracked anti-tank guns or recoilless anti-tank guns mounted on jeeps. These protected the infantry from enemy tanks, freeing the Israeli tanks to continue the offensive while the infantry mopped up.
Such an example of these types of vehicles was the M3 (90mm) DEFA half-track. Mounting the French-made CN-90-F1 gun in the fighting compartment of the M3 half-track; the CN-90-F1 fired a fin-stabilised HEAT (or High Explosive; Anti-tank) projectile capable of penetrating nearly any tank on the battlefield.
Not only was it an excellent deterrent against tanks but it also had the mobility and speed to keep pace with the advancing mechanised infantry.
Designed by Evan Allen
Painted by Aaron Te Hira-Mathie
This weapon was simple to manufacture, making it ideal for Israel’s fledgling armaments industry, yet packed a hefty punch. Nearly half of Israel’s artillery battalions were equipped with 120mm mortars in 1967.
Unusually for mortars, these weapons are fielded by the artillery and have the skills, equipment, and ammunition to fire sustained bombardments.
Design by Evan Allen
Painted by Aaron Te Hira-Mathie
When it came to purchasing a heavy artillery piece, the Israelis turned to their main armaments supplier, France, buying their Modèle 50 155mm howitzer. This weapon is quite heavy, but has an exceptional range, something the Israelis needed given the comparatively short range of most of their artillery weapons.
Includes two MIG-17, four rare-earth magnets, two decal sheets and two tall plastic flight stands.
In the early 1950s, the Egyptian Air Force began the transition from prop-driven aircraft to jet fighters. Until this point, the Egyptians had been using surplus World War Two aircraft of either British or Italian origin. While the Egyptians were able to procure Gloster Metreors and De Havilland Vampires from the British, they along with the United States of America they refused to sell Egypt anything more modern.
In 1955 Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser intervened and brokered a deal with the Soviet Bloc that saw the Egyptian Air Force supplied with Mikoyan-Gurevich fighters and Ilyushin bombers. By October 1956, the Egypt had 120 MiG-15, 50 Il-28, 87 Meteors and Vampires and a handful of MiG-17s; far superior than anything the Israelis could deploy.
Includes six 120mm Mortar teams, six six-hole large bases, six resin sandbag strips and three plastic base plug sprues
Mortars provide quick, responsive fire; and in the open terrain of the desert are perfect for harassing the enemy. The heavy regimental mortars have much greater range and firepower than the lighter battalion mortars, allowing them to reach deep into the enemy deployment to silence their artillery.
Developed from a French design, the Soviet M1938 was a heavy mortar used as artillery by the Soviets in World War II because of its good range and heavy shells. Supplied to ally nations in the post-war years, the Egyptians used the weapon as a regimental mortar for fire support missions deep into enemy deployment zones or as counter-battery fire.
Includes one BTR-152 Armoured Personnel Carrier and four Seated Passenger figures
The development of the BTR-152 was a direct result of the Red Army’s experiences during the Second War World. Utilising joint infantry and tank tactics against the Germans, Soviet commanders found that casualties amongst the infantry were especially high due to the lack of an armoured personnel carrier that was able to keep pace with the advancing tanks. As a consequence, the BTR-152 was amongst the first vehicles developed at the conclusion of the Second World War.
Based on the ZiS-151 truck chassis, the first prototype of the BTR-152 were completed in 1947 but lacked the desired level of mobility as a direct result of the five tons of additional armour added to the vehicle. After a few tweaks to the design, the BTR-152 was accepted for service. The BTR-152 first saw combat in the Hungarian revolution of 1956 and later during the Six-Day War with the forces of the United Arab Republic.
The vehicle was of all-welded construction with armour ranging from 15mm thick on the front to 9mm on the side; enough to provide protection from small arms fire and shell fragments but offered little protection against anything heavier.
In the 1967 war, Egyptian mechanised forces used both the BTR-60 eight-wheeled, and BTR-152 six-wheeled Soviet armoured personnel carriers to provide mobility to their infantry. In the 1973 war, several mechanised brigades continued to use the older wheeled vehicles as the BMP had not fully supplanted the BTR in service. In both wars, the mechanised forces represent a strong combined arms force, with integral Anti-tank and Anti-aircraft assets including the capable AT-3 “Sagger” anti-tank missile and SA-7 SAMs.
Designed by Allen Evan Painted by Aaron Te Hira-Mathie
The BTR 50PK is a Soviet amphibious armoured personnel carrier based off of the PT-76. Unlike other BTR models the BTR-50PK is tracked instead of wheeled. The transport itself can carry up to twenty fully equipped men.
The Soviet doctrine called for the BTR-50PK to be used with PT-76 in rapid, uninterrupted advances, so the reconnaissance elements were expected to move forward at speed until engaged. This doctrine was also adopted by the Arab force. If worse came to worst, the destruction of the scout company would at least alert the following troops to the presence of a strong defensive position.
These companies combine tanks for firepower and infantry in light BTR-50PK transporters to lead the advance. If the company ran into anti-tank guns, the infantry platoon could dismount and assault to clear the way forward, covered by their transporters and the tanks.
Originally designed as an amphibious light tank, the PT-76 started its service in the early 1950s. The tank itself became the Soviet standard reconnaissance tank. The PT-76 was widely exported and found homes in many nations’ armies including Egypt and thus The United Arab Republic.
The Soviet doctrine called for the PT-76 to be used in rapid, uninterrupted advances, so the reconnaissance elements were expected to move forward at speed until engaged. This doctrine was also adopted by the United Arab Republic. It mounts a 76.2mm gun capable of taking on older medium tanks, but should only engage heavier armour as a last resort. The vehicle was put to greatest effect crossing the Great Bitter Lake with the Egyptian 130th Marine Brigade in the latter conflict. If worse came to worst, the destruction of the scout company would at least alert the following troops to the presence of a strong defensive position.
While lacking the superior range and greater firepower of their heavy regimental counterparts, the 82-BM-41 is far more mobile allowing them to be quickly broken down and setup wherever the enemy masses to attack; pinning them down and breaking the attack up.
Includes three 37mm AA guns with crew, three six-hole large bases, three resin sandbag strips and one base plug sprue.
Soviet doctrine emphasises camouflage and deception when setting up defensive positions. Their gun positions are carefully concealed so as not to be visible until they open fire at point-blank range. The UAR followed these tactics carefully when setting up their defensive positions.
Despite their aggressive rhetoric, the United Arab Republic was deployed defensively when the Israelis attacked. Their front-line infantry divisions were in fortified positions. The infantry battalions, Kateybat Moshaa (pronounced kah-teebat moh-shaa) in Arabic, were entrenched behind barbed wire and minefields, ready they believed, to see off any attack.
Designed by Evan Allen and Karl Cederman
Painted by Aaron Mathie
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